Chickens are farm birds that can not really fly. There are different types of chicken breeds that are developed for different purposes. Three general categories: Laying, meat-producing, and dual-purpose breeds
Types of Breeds
Mostly known for egg-laying capacity, These include; White Leghorn, Red Sex Link, and Black Sex Link breeds. They lay eggs between the ages of 16-20 weeks and they lay 20-30 dozens of eggs.
The Cornish breed converts feed to meat, producing approximately one pound of body weight every time they eat 2 pounds of feed. They are broad-breasted and larger than the laying breed. Usually, they weigh 5 pounds or more at 8 weeks.
Examples include Rhode Island Red and New Hampshire breeds, the dual-purpose breed is the classic backyard chickens that lay brown shelled eggs. These breeds are hardy, self-reliant, and fairly large-bodied.
Fun facts about chickens
Great memories: They can recognize over 100 or more faces they can even recognize different animals too, such as your dogs and cats. Chickens also remember places and different members of their flock, even after months apart.
Strong color vision: Their color vision is better than humans due to a well-organized eye with five types of light receptors enabling them to see many colors in any given part of the retina.
They dream: Like humans, they have a rapid eye movement phase of sleeping, which signifies dreaming. However, Chickens can literally sleep with one eye open.
Chickens have complex communication with specific meanings:
They alert each other to food, call young chicks, and warn other flock members of predators.
Egg color is determined by genetics: A hen’s breed indicates what color egg she will produce. For example, Leghorn chickens lay white eggs while Orpington’s lay brown eggs and Ameraucanas produce blue eggs.
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Feeding and watering your chickens
This is a daily basic need for your chickens they are naturally fantastic foragers and if they are free range they will love to forage for insects and greenery. However, to keep healthy chickens that will lay lots of eggs, you need to provide extra food.
What Type Of Feed Do My Chickens Need?
Chickens need a balanced diet of protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals, a hen will stop producing as many eggs if she doesn’t have enough protein in her diet.
A free-ranging hen will be good at finding protein by foraging for meaty insects such as worms, slugs, and snails. But lots of hens today don’t have the ability to find those insects on a daily basis, the type of feed you give to your chickens is dictated by the age:
Chicks – From hatching to 5 weeks old chicks will need to be fed ‘chick crumbs
Pullet – From 6 weeks to 18 weeks, they will need a feed is called growers pellets or growers mash. This feed is typically 15-16% protein.
Laying hens – When your chickens start to lay eggs they will need to be fed layers of pellet or layers of mash.
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